As we have seen, the use of the Fibonacci series and its resultant Golden Mean (also known as Golden Section or Divine Proportion) exists in painting and architecture throughout history. From the Great Pyramid to the Taj Mahal, the ratio is evident as a means to create visual beauty.

The ratio can be easily expressed and recognized in one of Toronto's most recognized buildings: The CBC Tower. In its simplicity one can see the ratios between the two main sections to the tower as a whole. Black is to red as yellow is to black. It is a classic use of the Golden Mean and illustrates how even 20th-century architects continue to rely on this ancient formula to create symmetry and visual satisfaction.


Graham Sutherland's (1903-1980) huge tapestry of Christ The King has multiple examples of the Golden Mean, which because of the complexity, become difficult to follow. In this example we see only the two main expressions of the ratio, both of which delineate the major aspects of the form in the largest, primary sense. Note that both Golden Means intersect at the waist of the figure.


Thus we are left with the conclusion that artists and architects continue to rely on this ancient formula to construct their paintings and buildings, and that this practice is unlikely to end.